Diabetic Retinopathy

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What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition caused by diabetes where high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels throughout the body, including the fine vessels of the retina. This condition can lead to vision loss or impairment if not treated. There are two types; Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) and Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR).

If you think you may have Diabetic Retinopathy, or want to get examined for a final verdict, the health care professionals at the Eye and Lasik Center are here to help. To schedule an appointment, give us a call at 1-800-676-5050. You can also call us for more information, treatment options, and any other questions you may have. Our doctors are here to help!

What Is The Retina, and How Does Diabetic Retinopathy Affect it?

The retina is located in each eye, and is the tissue in the back of the eye that allows your brain to process everything you see. Your retina is responsible for processing images, lights, and colors. It converts these rays of light into electrical impulses that are then sent to your brain and processed.

Diabetic Retinopathy causes damage to the retinal vessels of the eye. This damage can lead to a number of different vision and eye problems. It can lead to blindness, improper eye muscle function, impair your peripheral vision, and cause your pupils to be extra sensitive to light.

What Are the Types of Diabetic Retinopathy?

There are two types of Diabetic Retinopathy. Knowing both of them, their signs, their differences, and what can cause them to develop and occur in your eyes are important.

Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR)

Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) is an early stage, milder form of eye disease which usually does not affect vision. This condition occurs when the retinal blood vessels begin to leak allowing blood to seep into the retina. This can cause the retina to swell and function improperly. Treatment is available through the use of a laser to seal the blood vessels and prevent further vision loss.

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR)

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR), on the other hand, represents more advanced disease and can cause severe loss of central and peripheral vision. This condition occurs when the retinal blood vessels close, restricting the nutrients to the retinal tissue. This growth of new abnormal blood vessels can create scar tissue which can result in blindness if not treated.

Can Diabetic Retinopathy Go Away On Its Own?

While Diabetic Retinopathy isn’t completely reversible, certain treatments and lifestyle changes can actually help restore some of your vision, and reduce the negative effects brought on by this condition. These improvements can also help prevent this condition from worsening further, which can help improve your quality of life.

Taking your prescribed medicine regularly and following doctors orders can help lower your blood pressure and stop vision loss. The goal is to control your sugar level intake as too much sugar worsens the condition. Good sugar control can actually help restore your vision by lessening the effect of the condition too. Steroid medicine injections, laser surgery, and a vitrectomy can also help slow vision loss.

What Can I Expect During Treatment?

Strict control of blood-sugar levels can prevent or delay the onset of vision problems. Those who develop vision-threatening complications such as macular edema (swelling), PDR, and neovascular glaucoma can be treated with laser surgery. Some patients may need multiple laser treatments over time.

In advanced PDR, our retinal specialists may recommend a vitrectomy. Vitrectomy is the removal of abnormal gel in the back part of the eye to control abnormal blood vessels. The earlier this surgery is performed, the better the chances of saving your vision or preventing more serious vision loss.

Schedule a Consultation Today!

The health care professionals at the Eye and Lasik Center are dedicated to helping you reclaim your best life and give you the treatment you deserve. With state-of-the-art technology and equipment, we strive to provide you with the best service, care, and results possible!

To learn more about diabetic retinopathy treatment and diabetic eye care, contact our office today! Click here or call 1-800-676-5050 to schedule an appointment with one of our eye care specialists. We have multiple locations for your convenience, located in Gardener, Greenfield, West Springfield, and Fitchburg MA. Our team looks forward to helping you begin your journey to a healthier and happier you!


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